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Amaranthaceae.

Achyranthes aspera L.
Local Name:
Phothkanda,Chirchita.
Synonym:
A. indica (L.) Mill.
Habit & Habitat:
A perennial erect, simple to branched herb, up to 0.3-1.2m tall,commonly found along road sides and open sunny places of sub-tropical zone.
Plant Description:
Stem 4-angled, ribbed, stiff with thick nodes. Leaves simple, elliptic oblong or oval with acute tip, densely haired. Inflorescence a spike,terminal, erect become reflexed at maturity.Flower bisexual, sessile. Perianth whitish or pale green to red or purple. Fruit a capsule. Seed sub cylindrical, smooth and reddish brown.
Flowering and Fruiting:
July-December.
Harvesting Time:
August-December.
Medicinal Value:
Useful in asthma, cough, dropsy, cholera, spleen enlargement, stomach and skin disorders, menorrhagia, boils and skin eruptions.[3] Locally infusion of whole plant is used as blood purifier, diuretic and kidney stone breaker. Ash of burnt plant is useful in asthma and piles.
Part Used:
Whole plant.
Occurrence:
Very common.
Future Perspective:
Collection, Drying, Packing, Herbal Pharmacy.
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