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Ericaceae

Rhododendron arboreum Sm.
Local Name:
Hurdal, Ekr Phool.
Synonym:
Habit & Habitat:
An evergreen small tree up to 10 m tall, found in temperate zone and considered as endangered species in the area.
Plant Description:
Leaves simple, elliptic-lanceolate, leathery, dark green above, silvery on underside, 5-15 cm long. Flower in dense terminal clusters, showy, scarlet-red or red. Sepals ovate, 3cm long. Corolla crimson, bell shaped. Fruit a capsule, cylindrical, woolly. Seed numerous, oblong to elliptic.
Flowering and Fruiting:
March-April.
Harvesting Time:
April-May.
Medicinal Value:
Local communities use it in blood dysentery and as a heart tonic. It has carminative properties, also useful in headache, respiratory disorders and diarrhea.
Part Used:
Flower, fruit, bark and young shoot.
Occurrence:
Uncommon.
Future Perspective:
Conservation, Cultivation, Herbal Pharmacy.
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