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Acanthaceae.

Justicia adhatoda L.
Local Name:
Bhaiker.
Synonym:
Adhatoda vasica Nees
Habit & Habitat:
An erect, much branched shrub, up to 100 cm tall, found in sub-tropical zone.
Plant Description:
Leaves simple, elliptic-lanceolate, petiolate, yellowish-green. Inflorescence terminal and axillary spike. Flower zygomorphic, white. Calyx-lobed. Lobes linear-lanceolate. Corolla pale- white. Limb 2-lipped, upper erect while lower with 3- elliptic lobes. Fruit a capsule, club like.
Flowering and Fruiting:
February-August.
Harvesting Time:
April-December.
Medicinal Value:
It is used to treat cold, cough, whooping cough, chronic bronchitis and asthma, used in different forms as fresh juice, decoction, infusion and powder.[1][15] Locally it is called Khansi Jari, roots are used in rheumatism, pneumonia and cough, while leaves are used as antiseptic, expectorant and antispasmodic.
Part Used:
Whole plant.
Occurrence:
Very common.
Future Perspective:
Collection, Drying, Packing, Herbal Pharmacy, Allopathic Pharmacy.
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