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Kathri.

Prunella vulgaris L.
Synonym:
Plant Family:
Lamiaceae.
Habit & Habitat:
An erect, hairy, perennial herb, up to 10-20 cm tall, common in meadows and moist slopes of temperate and sub-alpine zones.
Plant Description:
Stem quadrangular, purplish. Leaves simple, elliptic-ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, usually toothed. Inflorescence a compact, oblong, terminal, cylindrical spike. Flower zygomorphic, violet-purplish. Calyx 2-lipped. Corolla 2-lipped, upper lip hooded. Fruit is a nutlet, smooth, pale brown.
Flowering and Fruiting:
May-September.
Harvesting Time:
July- October.
Medicinal Value:
It is called self heal and has astringent, antiseptic properties and reduces blood pressure. Aerial parts treat sore throat, bleeding gums, hemorrhoids and heavy menstruation. Flowers are liver and gallbladder stimulant.[5]Locally it is used as a vegetable which tones the organs and provide energy to body.
Part Used:
Whole plant.
Occurrence:
Common at high altitudes.
Future Perspective:
Conservation, Collection, Drying, Packing, Herbal Pharmacy.
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