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Verbena officinalis L.

Verbenaceae.
Local Name:
Burni, Kahi Sonkn.
Synonym:
Verbena tenuispicata Stapf
Habit and Habitat:
A perennial, erect herb up to 25-100cm tall, common in well-drained open places of sub-tropical and temperate zones.
Taxonomic Features:
Stem branched, 4-angled. Leaves oblong to oblong-lanceolate, deeply serrate, lyrately pinnatifid to subentire, narrowed at base, lower petiolate, upper sessile. Inflorescence a spike,terminal, paniculate,10-30cm long. Flower pale lilac-pink or purplish, 4mm across, subsessile. Calyx tube longer than bracts, ribbed, hairy. Corolla tube cylindrical, hairy. Fruit nutlets type, enclosed.
Flowering and Fruiting:
March-October.
Harvesting Time:
April- December.
Medicinal Value:
Used to treat depression, insomnia, jaundice, urinary problems, menstrual cramps. Aerial parts are nerve tonic, liver stimulant and increase breast milk. [10] Locally paste of whole plant is used for healing wounds and seed boiled in milk are given to feeding mothers.
Part Used:
Whole plant.
Occurrence:
Common.
Future Perspective:
Collection, Cultivation, Herbal Pharmacy.
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