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Swertia cordata (Wall. ex G.Don) C.B. Clarke

Gentianaceae.
Local Name:
Chirayata.
Synonym:
Habit and Habitat:
An annual erect herb up to 15-80 cm tall, found in temperate and sub- alpine zones.
Taxonomic Features:
Stem branched, quadrangular. Leaves simple, opposite, heart-shaped sessile, entire. Inflorescence broadly paniculate. Flower actinomorphic, 8mm broad. Calyx and corolla lobes are ovate, acute. Petals-5, white with purple specks with a greenish-yellow spot at base. Fruit a capsule, 6-8mm.
Flowering and Fruiting:
July-October.
Harvesting Time:
August-November.
Medicinal Value:
Used as antibiotic, blood purifierand bitter tonic.[1]The plant is bitter, cooling, anthelmintic, antipyretic, laxative and cures leucoderma, inflammation, ulcers, asthma, bronchitis, leucorrhoea, piles, bad taste in mouth, good for vomiting in pregnancy.[15] Locally used in fever, malaria, hysteria, stomach disorders. It has extremely bitter taste used in powder and infusion form. One to half gram is recommended dose.
Part Used:
Whole plant.
Occurrence:
Common.
Future Perspective:
Collection, Drying, Packing, Herbal Pharmacy, Allopathic Pharmacy.
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