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Alpinia zerumbet (Persoon) B. L. Burtt & R. M. Smith

Zingiberaceae.
Local Name:
Khulanjan, Jangli Adrak
Synonym:
Habit and Habitat:
A perennial, rhizomatous herb with pseudostems up to 2-3 m tall, found in sub-tropical zone, also cultivated in local areas.
Taxonomic Features:
Leaves simple, lanceolate, glabrous. Inflorescence drooping panicles. Flower zygomorphic. Bracteoles with pink tip enclosing flower bud. Calyx white. Corolla tubular. Lobes milky white with pink tips. Labellum yellow with purple-red stripes. Fruit a capsule, globose and ribbed. Seed angled.
Flowering and Fruiting:
June-October.
Harvesting Time:
October-December.
Medicinal Value:
It has antifungal and antibacterial properties, also used as stimulant, aphrodisiac, carminative and flavouring agent.[1] Rhizome is used to treat bronchitis, measles, gastritis and seed cure digestive problems.[5] Locally powder is used for treatment of asthma, indigestion and impotency.
Part Used:
Leaf and rhizome.
Occurrence:
Uncommon.
Future Perspective:
Conservation, Cultivation, Chemical analysis, Herbal Pharmacy, Allopathic Pharmacy, Oil Extraction.
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