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Argemone mexicana L.

Papaveraceae.
Local Name:
Pila Dhatura.
Synonym:
Habit and Habitat:
A prickly, branched, annual herb, up to 0.3-1.3m tall, found in sub-tropical zone.
Taxonomic Features:
Leaves alternate, elliptic-oblong, pinnatifid, variegated green and white, dentate, margin prickly. Inflorescence terminal, solitary. Flower sessile, yellow, 3-6cm in diameter.Sepals prickly outside. Petals 4-6, obovate, bright yellow. Fruit a capsule, oblong or elliptic-oblong with ribs, prickly, blackish brown, dehiscing by valves.
Flowering and Fruiting:
March-May.
Harvesting Time:
May-July.
Medicinal Value:
Locally it is used as expectorant, worm killer and wounds healer. Paste of root with lemon juice is useful in piles. Root bark with honey is used in skin diseases. The plant juice is used to curejaundice and dropsy. It is a poisonous plant must be used carefully.
Part Used:
Juice and seed.
Occurrence:
Uncommon.
Future Perspective:
Conservation, Collection, Cultivation, Herbal Pharmacy, Allopathic Pharmacy.
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